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Fig. 3 | Molecular Medicine

Fig. 3

From: Asymmetric expression of H19 and ADIPOQ in concave/convex paravertebral muscles is associated with severe adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Fig. 3

ADIPOQ mRNA and H19 expression pattern in paravertebral muscles of AIS patients is associated with curve severity and age at initiation. Patients with lower H19 and higher ADIPOQ mRNA expression levels in concave-sided muscles were included in Group A (n = 37), and the remained patients were included in group B (n = 23). For (a), Patients in Group A showed a bigger spinal curve (p = 0.031) compared with patients in Group B. For (b), Group A and Group B showed no difference in age at menarche (p = 0.486). For (c), Patients in Group A tended to have a declined body mass index (BMI) (p = 0.056). For (D), Patients in Group A (n = 37) showed an earlier age at initiation (p = 0.032) compared with patients in Group B (n = 23). Results are expressed as mean ± SEM

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