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  1. Acetylcholine (ACh) decreases blood pressure by stimulating endothelium nitric oxide-dependent vasodilation in resistance arterioles. Normal plasma contains choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and its biosyntheti...

    Authors: Andrew Stiegler, Jian-Hua Li, Vivek Shah, Tea Tsaava, Aisling Tynan, Huan Yang, Yehuda Tamari, Michael Brines, Kevin J. Tracey and Sangeeta S. Chavan
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:133
  2. The FOXP3/miR-146a/NF-κB axis was previously reported to modulate the induction and function of CD4+ Treg cells to alleviate oral lichen planus. Also, other signaling pathways including microRNA-155-IFN-γ loop...

    Authors: Zhen Huang, Fen Liu, Wenjuan Wang, Shaobo Ouyang, Ting Sang, Zikun Huang, Lan Liao and Jun Wu
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:132
  3. Myocardial dysfunction caused by sepsis (SIMD) leads to high mortality in critically ill patients. We investigated the function and mechanism of long non-coding RNA MAPKAPK5-AS1 (lncRNA MAPKAPK-AS1) on lipopol...

    Authors: Weiwei Chen, Guangyuan Gao, Mengjie Yan, Ming Yu, Kaiyao Shi and Ping Yang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:131
  4. Host inflammation contributes to determine whether SARS-CoV-2 infection causes mild or life-threatening disease. Tools are needed for early risk assessment.

    Authors: Nicola I. Lorè, Rebecca De Lorenzo, Paola M. V. Rancoita, Federica Cugnata, Alessandra Agresti, Francesco Benedetti, Marco E. Bianchi, Chiara Bonini, Annalisa Capobianco, Caterina Conte, Angelo Corti, Roberto Furlan, Paola Mantegani, Norma Maugeri, Clara Sciorati, Fabio Saliu…
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:129
  5. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a malignancy commonly seen in adults. Previous studies indicated that TRIM14 played a tumorigenic role in various types of cancer and miR-23b-5p was down-regulated in human mese...

    Authors: Hui Cheng, Jie Ding, Gusheng Tang, Aijie Huang, Lei Gao, Jianmin Yang and Li Chen
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:128
  6. d-Serine is a crucial endogenous co-agonist of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) in the central nervous system and can affect the function of the brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) system, which plays...

    Authors: Zhenzhen Chen, Zhenyu Tang, Ke Zou, Zhihong Huang, Liuer Liu, Yuanjian Yang and Wei Wang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:127
  7. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have witnessed the achievements of convincing clinical benefits that feature the significantly prolonged overall survival (OS) of patients suffering from advanced non-small ...

    Authors: Xilin Hu, Hanlin Xu, Qianwen Xue, Ruran Wen, Wenjie Jiao and Kaihua Tian
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:126
  8. C1q has been reported to reveal complement-independent roles in immune and non-immune cells. C1q binds to its specific receptors to regulate distinct functions that rely on the environment and cell types. Disc...

    Authors: Ria Aryani Hayuningtyas, Myeonggil Han, Seoyeon Choi, Man Sup Kwak, In Ho Park, Ji-Hyun Lee, Ji Eun Choi, Dae Ki Kim, Myoungsun Son and Jeon-Soo Shin
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:125
  9. Inflammation plays an important role in the development of acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MINCR is closely related to inflammation inju...

    Authors: Wei Gao and Ying Zhang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:124
  10. Age-related cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in elderly populations. Coxibs, including celecoxib, valdecoxib, etoricoxib, parecoxib, lumiracoxib, and rofecoxib, are selective cyclooxygenase...

    Authors: Wujun Chen, Yingjie Zhong, Nuan Feng, Zhu Guo, Shuai Wang and Dongming Xing
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:123
  11. Myeloid cells infiltrating tumors are gaining ever growing attention in the last years because their pro-tumor and immunosuppressive functions are relevant for disease progression and therapeutic responses. Th...

    Authors: Paola Allavena, Elisabeth Digifico and Cristina Belgiovine
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:121
  12. Since fall 2019, SARS-CoV-2 spread world-wide, causing a major pandemic with estimated ~ 220 million subjects affected as of September 2021. Severe COVID-19 is associated with multiple organ failure, particula...

    Authors: Martin Begemann, Oliver Gross, Dominik Wincewicz, Rüdiger Hardeland, Vinicius Daguano Gastaldi, Eduard Vieta, Karin Weissenborn, Kamilla W. Miskowiak, Onnen Moerer and Hannelore Ehrenreich
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:120
  13. While anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) therapy has been proven effective in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), approximately 40% of patients lose the response. Transmembrane TNF-α (mTNF-α) expression in...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Miao, Ren Mao, Yujia You, Huichao Zhou, Chen Qiu, Xuehua Li, Zhihui Chen, Jie Ren, Minhu Chen, Ping Wang, Rongqin Zheng and Tinghui Yin
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:119
  14. The present study aimed to further explore the potential interaction between oxidative stress and autophagy in the progression of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and therapeutic mechanism of calcitriol, the activ...

    Authors: Changmeng Cui, Changshui Wang, Feng Jin, Mengqi Yang, Lingsheng Kong, Wenxiu Han and Pei Jiang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:118
  15. GINS4, an indispensable component of the GINS complex, is vital for a variety of cancer. However, no known empirical research has focused on exploring relationships between GINS4 and glioma. Thus, this study aims...

    Authors: Binfeng Liu, Zhendong Liu, Yanbiao Wang, Xiaoyu Lian, Zhibin Han, Xingbo Cheng, Yongjie Zhu, Runze Liu, Yaoye Zhao and Yanzheng Gao
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:117
  16. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent chronic joint disease, and is hard to be cured at present. Cytokine receptor-like factor 1 (CRLF1) has been identified as an upregulated gene in OA cartilage. However,...

    Authors: Hao Xu, Changrong Ding, Cuicui Guo, Shuai Xiang, Yingzhen Wang, Bing Luo and Hongfei Xiang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:116
  17. Acute lung injury is an important factor that leads to the death of patients with pneumonia. Previous studies have shown that nicotinamide (NAM) plays a role in reducing cell damage, so this study explored the...

    Authors: Qun Zhang, Junyao Li, Haixia Zhong and Yanling Xu
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:115
  18. Changes in DNA methylation of immunosuppressive checkpoints may impact express and consequently affect antigen processing and presentation by tumor cells and facilitates evasion of immunosurveillance and lead ...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Zhang, Lei zhang, Hongru Sun, Ying Liu, Jing Xu, Hao Huang, Jinming Fu, Ding Zhang, Tian Tian, Yashuang Zhao and Guiyu Wang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:114
  19. Increasing evidence has indicated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play a role in various diseases. However, the influence of circRNAs in nephritis remains unknown.

    Authors: Peng-Wei Guo, Hai-Ting Huang, Jing Ma, Yao Zuo, Dan Huang, Lin-Lin He, Zi-Ming Wan, Cheng Chen, Fa-Fen Yang and Yan-Wu You
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:113
  20. The ongoing global COVID-19 pandemic has thrown into sharp relief the gap between modern biology’s ability to investigate and respond to a novel pathogen and modern medicine’s ability to marshal effective fron...

    Authors: Douglas F. Nixon, Daniela Marín-Hernández and Nathaniel Hupert
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:112
  21. Posttranslational modification (PTM) and regulation of protein stability are crucial to various biological processes. Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6), a unique histone deacetylase with two functional catalytic d...

    Authors: Ping Liu, Ji Xiao, Yiliang Wang, Xiaowei Song, Lianzhou Huang, Zhe Ren, Kaio Kitazato and Yifei Wang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:110
  22. Recently, the role of several microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) in pulmonary diseases has been described. The molecular mechanisms by which miR-214 is possibly implicated in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) have not ...

    Authors: Zhi-Qun Zhang, Hui Hong, Jing Li, Xiao-Xia Li and Xian-Mei Huang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:109

    The Correction to this article has been published in Molecular Medicine 2021 27:134

  23. Elevations of circulating branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) are observed in humans with obesity and metabolic comorbidities, such as insulin resistance. Although it has been described that microbial metabolism...

    Authors: Sofia Moran-Ramos, Luis Macias-Kauffer, Blanca E. López-Contreras, Hugo Villamil-Ramírez, Elvira Ocampo-Medina, Paola León-Mimila, Blanca E. del Rio-Navarro, Omar Granados-Portillo, Isabel Ibarra-Gonzalez, Marcela Vela-Amieva, Armando R. Tovar, Nimbe Torres, Francisco J. Gomez-Perez, Carlos Aguilar-Salinas and Samuel Canizales-Quinteros
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:108
  24. N6-Methyladenosine (m6A) modification has been implicated in many bioprocesses. However, its functions in diabetic nephropathy (DN) have not been determined. Here, we investigated the role of METTL14, a key co...

    Authors: Manna Li, Le Deng and Gaosi Xu
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:106

    The Correction to this article has been published in Molecular Medicine 2022 28:8

  25. Vaccination programs have been launched worldwide to halt the spread of COVID-19. However, the identification of existing, safe compounds with combined treatment and prophylactic properties would be beneficial...

    Authors: Rodrigo R. R. Duarte, Dennis C. Copertino Jr., Luis P. Iñiguez, Jez L. Marston, Yaron Bram, Yuling Han, Robert E. Schwartz, Shuibing Chen, Douglas F. Nixon and Timothy R. Powell
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:105
  26. Neovasculogenesis is characteristic of herniated lumbar discs, in which extruded nucleus pulposus is prone to heme iron-induced cytotoxicity (increased oxidative stress causing ferroptosis). However, recent an...

    Authors: Liang Shan, Ximing Xu, Jing Zhang, Peng Cai, Han Gao, Yingjie Lu, Jiangang Shi, Yinlong Guo and Yue Su
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:103
  27. The human L39X phospholamban (PLN) cardiomyopathic mutant has previously been reported as a null mutation but the detailed molecular pathways that lead to the complete lack of detectable protein remain to be c...

    Authors: Eduarde Rohner, Nevin Witman, Jesper Sohlmer, Erwin De Genst, William E. Louch, Makoto Sahara and Kenneth R. Chien
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:102
  28. Diet-induced obesity can result in the development of a diverse spectrum of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, non-alcoholic liver steatosis and atherosclerotic dis...

    Authors: Christian Smolka, Delia Schlösser, Catherine Hohnloser, Xavier Bemtgen, Caterina Jänich, Laura Schneider, Julien Martin, Dietmar Pfeifer, Martin Moser, Peter Hasselblatt, Christoph Bode, Sebastian Grundmann and Franziska Pankratz
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:101
  29. Oxidative stress is an important factor involved in the progress of heart failure. The current study was performed to investigate whether pinocembrin was able to ameliorate post-infarct heart failure (PIHF) an...

    Authors: Xiuhuan Chen, Weiguo Wan, Yan Guo, Tianxin Ye, Yuhong Fo, Yazhou Sun, Chuan Qu, Bo Yang and Cui Zhang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:100
  30. We have found disruption of expression of major transcriptional regulators of circadian rhythm in the kidneys of several mouse models of lupus nephritis. Here we define the consequence of this disturbance with...

    Authors: Rakesh Mishra, Ramalingam Bethunaickan, Celine C. Berthier, Zhengzi Yi, Joshua J. Strohl, Patricio T. Huerta, Weijia Zhang and Anne Davidson
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:99
  31. Authors: Mao Wang, Alex G. Gauthier, Thomas P. Kennedy, Haichao Wang, Uday Kiran Velagapudi, Tanaji T. Talele, Mosi Lin, Jiaqi Wu, LeeAnne Daley, Xiaojing Yang, Vivek Patel, Sung Soo Mun, Charles R. Ashby Jr. and Lin L. Mantell
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:98

    The original article was published in Molecular Medicine 2021 27:79

  32. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) demonstrates applications in the prevention of exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is often characterized by fibrosis of the small airways. This study aims .....

    Authors: Lanlan Zhu, Fei Xu, Xiuhua Kang, Jing Zhou, Qinqin Yao, Yang Lin and Wei Zhang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:97
  33. Apoptosis of chondrocyte is involved in osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis, and mechanical stress plays a key role in this process by activation of Piezo1. However, the negative regulation of signal conduction m...

    Authors: Yi Sun, Ping Leng, Pengcheng Guo, Huanshen Gao, Yikai Liu, Chenkai Li, Zhenghui Li and Haining Zhang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:96
  34. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), a type of pervasive genes that regulates various biological processes, are differentially expressed in different types of malignant tumors. The role of lncRNAs in the carcinogene...

    Authors: Jinglei Li, Hanxing Tong, Dongping Li, Qiuyu Jiang, Yong Zhang, Wenqing Tang, Dayong Jin, She Chen, Xinyu Qin, Si Zhang and Ruyi Xue
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:95
  35. Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a novel type of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), have a covalently closed circular structure resulting from pre-mRNA back splicing via spliceosome and ribozymes. They can be classified diffe...

    Authors: Mei Tao, Ming Zheng, Yanhua Xu, Shuo Ma, Weiwei Zhang and Shaoqing Ju
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:94
  36. Nucleus pulposus cell (NPC) degeneration is widely accepted as one of the major causes of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration (IVDD). The pathogenesis of IVDD is complex and consists of inflammation, oxidat...

    Authors: Xiaoqiang Cheng, Jiayi Lin, Zhanghuan Chen, Yubo Mao, Xiexin Wu, Congxin Xu, Jiacheng Du, Zhongchen Dong, Huilin Yang, Feng Zhou and Dechun Geng
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:92
  37. Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is the breakdown of the discs supporting the vertebrae. It is one of the most frequent causes of back pain worldwide. Currently, the clinical interventions for IVDD are ...

    Authors: Xiaoqiu Yuan, Tiefeng Li, Lei Shi, Jinhao Miao, Yongfei Guo and Yu Chen
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:91
  38. It is known that increased gastrin concentration is negatively correlated with cardiovascular mortality, and plasma gastrin levels are increased in patients after myocardial infarction (MI). However, whether g...

    Authors: Jinjuan Fu, Yuanjuan Tang, Zhen Zhang, Lin Tong, Rongchuan Yue and Lin Cai
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:90
  39. Atherosclerosis is recognized as a chronic immuno-inflammatory disease that is characterized by the accumulation of immune cells and lipids in the vascular wall. In this review, we focus on the latest advance ...

    Authors: Jin-Wen Luo, Yuan Hu, Jian Liu, Huan Yang and Peng Huang
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:88
  40. Fetal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supply relies on preferential transplacental transfer, which is regulated by placental DHA lipid metabolism. Maternal hyperglycemia and obesity associate with higher birthweigh...

    Authors: Oliver C. Watkins, Preben Selvam, Reshma Appukuttan Pillai, Victoria K. B. Cracknell-Hazra, Hannah E. J. Yong, Neha Sharma, Amaury Cazenave-Gassiot, Anne K. Bendt, Keith M. Godfrey, Rohan M. Lewis, Markus R. Wenk and Shiao-Yng Chan
    Citation: Molecular Medicine 2021 27:84

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